Form 1099: What It Is, How to File It

(July 2024)

Form 1099: What It Is, How to File It

In This Article

You use form 1099 to report various types of income to the IRS other than wages, salaries, and tips. There are over 20 different 1099 forms that cover many types of income including interest, dividends, retirement distributions, nonemployee compensation, and proceeds from real estate transactions, among others.

If you paid over $600 in rents, royalties, services from independent contractors, interest, or other income types to an individual or non-corporate entity, you likely have to file a 1099 form. The purpose is to inform the IRS of payments made so it can ensure proper income tax is paid.

While 1099 forms may seem complicated, filing them correctly is important to avoid penalties. Fortunately, by following some simple steps you can successfully file your 1099s in no time.

Form 1099

Types of 1099 Forms:

  • Form 1099-A
  • Form 1099-B
  • Form 1099-C
  • Form 1099-CAP
  • Form 1099-DIV
  • Form 1099-G
  • Form 1099-H
  • Form 1099-INT
  • Form 1099-K
  • Form 1099-LS
  • Form 1099-LTC
  • Form 1099-MISC
  • Form 1099-NEC
  • Form 1099-OID
  • Form 1099-PATR
  • Form 1099-Q
  • Form 1099-QA
  • Form 1099-R
  • Form 1099-S
  • Form 1099-SA
  • Form 1099-SB

The form you need depends on the type of payment made. Review the descriptions to determine which 1099 form fits your situation.

So in summary, if you paid over $600 for services, rents, or other reportable income to a non-employee, sole proprietor, contractor, attorney, or medical corporation, you likely have to file a 1099 form.

Form 1099 Due Dates:

Different Form 1099 types have distinct IRS filing deadlines. A few common ones are form 1099-NEC, where the recipient, mail filing, and e-filing deadline is January 31, 2024. This is consistent across all three categories.

For form 1099-MISC with no data entered in boxes 8 or 10, recipients must receive their copy by January 31, 2024. However, paper mail filings can be sent by February 28, 2024 and e-filings by March 31, 2024 – a month later than the recipient deadline.

If form 1099-MISC does have data in box 8 or 10, the deadline for recipients is pushed back to February 15, 2024, but mail filings are still due February 28, 2024 and e-filings by March 31, 2024.

Some other forms – 1099-B, 1099-S, 1099-INT, 1099-DIV, and 1099-R – all follow the same pattern. Recipient copies must be sent by January 31, 2024, but paper IRS filings can wait until February 28, 2024 and e-filings until March 31, 2024.

In summary, recipient deadlines are typically in late January, but IRS filing deadlines are often extended, especially for e-filing options. Be sure to confirm specific due dates based on the form 1099 type.

  1. Collect Payee Tax Information
  2. Track Reportable Payments
  3. Determine Which Form You Need
  4. Fill Out 1099 Forms
  5. Review for Accuracy
  6. Print and Mail Copies to Payees
  7. Fill 1099 Forms With the IRS


1. Collect Payee Tax Information

To process form 1099, the first step is gathering required information from payees before you make any payments. Use Form W-9 which payees fill out with their name, address, TIN, and business information. Have your new vendors and contractors complete W-9s and store them for your records.

2. Track Reportable Payments

To present form 1099, track reportable payments. As you make payments over $600 during the year to non-employees, record them and track the totals.

You can use accounting software, spreadsheets, or paper ledgers. The totals will be used to complete the 1099s.

3. Determine Which Form You Need

To lodge form 1099, determine which type of 1099 form fits each payment, once you have the payment totals for the year. Use the descriptions above to find the right form. Most common are 1099-NEC for contractors and 1099-MISC for rents, royalties, etc.

4. Fill Out 1099 Forms

To report form 1099, use your records and W-9s to complete each 1099 form. Forms have boxes for the payee’s name, address, TIN, and total paid for the year.

The IRS provides instructions for each type of 1099 to help you fill them out accurately.

5. Review for Accuracy

To file form 1099, double and triple check that all recipient information and payment amounts match your records before sending the 1099s. If information does not match IRS records, processing delays occur.

6. Print and Mail Copies to Payees

To submit form 1099, you must send a copy of each 1099 to the payee by January 31st. Printing and mailing by this deadline ensures payees have the forms to complete their own tax returns.

You must provide a copy of Form 1099 to payees/recipients by January 31st. There are a few options for distributing these forms:

  • Mail paper copies using certified or first class mail. This provides delivery confirmation.
  • Deliver paper copies in person and get a signed/dated receipt.
  • Send certified electronic copies via an IRS approved system. Payees must consent in writing.
  • Provide online access for payees to print their own copy. They must consent in writing.

7. Fill 1099 Forms With the IRS

To send in form(s) 1099, ensure you also submit copies of 1099s to the IRS by the end of January, or by March 31st if filing electronically. Here are the filing options:

  • Paper Filing

Mail paper Form 1099s and the 1096 transmittal form to:

Internal Revenue Service

Information Returns Branch

230 Murall Drive Mail Stop 4360

Kearneysville, WV 25430

  • Electronic Filing (e-file)

The IRS requires electronic filing of 1099 forms if submitting more than 250 total forms in a year. Even if below this threshold, e-filing can save time and money compared to paper forms. Electronic filing is done through an IRS FIRE system provider or using IRS e-file.

  • FIRE System

The IRS FIRE (Filing Information Returns Electronically) system allows for electronic submittal of information returns. You must use an authorized IRS FIRE system provider. A list of providers can be found on the IRS website.

  • IRS e-file

IRS e-file allows individual 1099 filers to electronically submit up to 100 forms directly, without a third party provider. You must register for an account on the IRS website to use this option.

If you missed filing or furnishing a 1099 by the January deadline, file/furnish as soon as possible. Also submit a statement explaining why it is late to avoid penalties. You may have to issue an amended or revised 1099 if errors are discovered.

If failure to file is determined to be intentional, additional fines or criminal penalties could apply. The penalties compound rapidly when filing a large number of 1099s. Some states also assess their own penalties for failure to file.

>>>GET SMARTER: What Is IRS Form 720?


In summary, determine which 1099 forms you need, collect W-9s from payees before paying them to get correct tax ID numbers, track all reportable payments over $600 to non-employees throughout the year, use W-9 details and payment records to accurately complete each 1099, send copies to payees by January 31st and file with IRS by January 31st (paper) or March 31st (electronic), consider e-filing through an authorized IRS FIRE system or IRS e-file to save time and money and file on time and furnish correct payee statements to avoid steep IRS penalties

Following these steps will help ensure you meet all IRS requirements for 1099 reporting. Pay close attention to details, recordkeeping, and deadlines when managing 1099 tax forms. Consider outsourcing the process to an accountant or tax professional if you need assistance.

Staying compliant with 1099 regulations saves headaches down the road!

This post is to be used for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal, business, or tax advice. Each person should consult his or her own attorney, business advisor, or tax advisor with respect to matters referenced in this post. . For comprehensive tax, legal or financial advice, always contact a qualified professional in your area. S’witty Kiwi assumes no liability for actions taken in reliance upon the information contained herein.

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