Crypto Tax Forms

(June 2024)

Crypto Tax Forms

In This Article

Navigating crypto tax forms can be a complex journey for you. You might find yourself diving into a world where virtual currencies intersect with tax regulations. Cryptocurrency, a digital or virtual form of currency, operates independently of traditional banking systems.

You might know popular cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum, which utilize encryption techniques for secure financial transactions. These digital assets hold value and you can buy, sell, or trade on various online platforms.

Forms like the IRS 8949 or Schedule D might be necessary to document your gains and losses from crypto trading. It’s essential to ensure you accurately report all transactions, as failure to do so can lead to penalties or audits.

Keep track of every buy, sell, or exchange of cryptocurrencies as it is paramount. Remember, tax obligations for cryptocurrencies are continually evolving, so stay updated with the latest regulations. This article will help you comprehend the tax forms for crypto and how you can navigate the complexities confidently and compliantly.

Crypto Tax Forms:

  1. IRS Form 8949
  2. IRS Schedule D
  3. IRS Form 1040
  4. IRS Form 1099
  5. IRS Form 1099-K
  6. How to File


1. IRS Form 8949

When you dive into crypto trading, use IRS Form 8949 to accurately report your capital gains and losses to the IRS. This form serves as the canvas where you paint the picture of your gains and losses from each buy, sell, or exchange of cryptocurrencies.

On this form, you detail each crypto transaction, including the date of the transaction, the amount of cryptocurrency involved, the purchase price, the sale price, and any associated expenses. This level of detail ensures that  you present a comprehensive overview of your crypto-related activities to the IRS.

There are two parts to this form: Part I for reporting short-term transactions (where you held the cryptocurrency for one year or less) and Part II for reporting long-term transactions (where you held the cryptocurrency for more than one year).

Take note that this form demands precision. You must accurately report every transaction’s details to avoid potential discrepancies that could raise red flags during an audit. So, make sure you stay organized and meticulous while completing Form 8949, it is key to ensuring compliance and accuracy in reporting your crypto gains and losses.

2. IRS Schedule D

Schedule D encompasses both short-term and long-term capital gains and losses from your crypto trading, differentiating between assets you held for one year or less versus those you held for more than one year. This distinction influences the tax rates applied to your gains.

Both IRS Schedule D and Form 8949 focus on reporting your capital gains and losses, including those from cryptocurrency transactions. However, there is a difference in how each form organizes and presents this information.

IRS Form 8949 is where you detail each individual crypto transaction, including the purchase date, sale date, cost basis, sale price, and associated expenses. It provides you with a comprehensive breakdown of each transaction’s details.

On the other hand, Schedule D is more of a summary form. It takes the totals from Form 8949 (or similar transaction detail) and condenses them into a concise overview, categorizing your gains and losses as short-term or long-term based on the holding period of the asset.

In essence, while Form 8949 captures the nitty-gritty details of each crypto transaction you perform, Schedule D compiles and organizes this information into a summarized report, making it easier for the IRS to review your overall capital gains and losses from cryptocurrency activities.

3. IRS Form 1040

The centerpiece of individual income tax returns in the United States is IRS Form 1040. When you engage in crypto transactions, you need this form to report your crypto-related income, gains, or losses.

Within this form, various sections cater to different types of income and deductions. For reporting cryptocurrency activities, you might find yourself including these details on Schedule 1 of Form 1040, especially if you had income from crypto mining, staking, or other sources.

If you traded cryptocurrencies and realized gains or losses, those figures from Schedule D or Form 8949 (where you detail individual transactions) might flow into Form 1040 to calculate your overall tax liability accurately.

Remember, accuracy matters here too! You must input the data related to your crypto transactions on Form 1040 correctly as it is crucial for an accurate tax return.

Ensure you’re organized and precise while completing this form so you can provide a comprehensive snapshot of your financial activities, including your involvement in the crypto space, to the IRS.

4. IRS Form 1099

When you engage in various financial activities, including cryptocurrency transactions, the IRS Form 1099 acts as a reporting tool. It details the specific types of income you earned throughout the tax year.

For crypto enthusiasts, you might encounter the different variations of Form 1099 in the crypto space. Certain platforms or entities might issue Form 1099 to you if you meet specific criteria.

For instance, if you receive income in the form of cryptocurrency, like earnings from staking rewards or freelance work paid in crypto, you might receive a Form 1099 from the entity making those payments.

You must accurately report the income reflected on your Form 1099 in your tax return. Remember, these forms serve as a means for the IRS to track your income sources, including cryptocurrency-related earnings, promoting transparency and accuracy in your tax filings.

5. IRS Form 1099-K

IRS Form 1099-K

One specific variation of Form 1099 is the IRS Form 1099-K. It is often utilized by some cryptocurrency exchanges.

These crypto platforms issue this form to you if you conduct transactions exceeding a certain threshold within a tax year. It summarizes the gross amount of your transactions, providing a record of your crypto-related activities to the IRS.

Form 1099-K highlights the total value of payments you processed through the platform. It’s like a consolidated report showcasing your crypto transactions, helping the IRS track the flow of funds in and out of your accounts.

Keep in mind that this form might not specify your gains or losses but rather focuses on the gross amounts you transacted. It’s essential you include this information in your tax return accurately.

When you receive a Form 1099-K, you must ensure the details align with your own records of crypto transactions. Maintaining consistency between your records and the information provided on Form 1099-K is crucial for accurate tax reporting.

6. How to File

To file taxes for your cryptocurrency transactions, follow these steps:

  • Gather Data: Collect all your crypto transaction records—buys, sells, trades, or any income earned in cryptocurrency. You need these for accurate reporting.
  • Organize Transactions: Sort your transactions by date and type, distinguishing between short-term and long-term holdings for proper classification.
  • Fill Out Forms: Use specific IRS forms like 8949, Schedule D, or others relevant to your transactions. Enter transaction details accurately.
  • Calculate Gains/Losses: Compute gains or losses for each transaction. Subtract the cost basis from the sale price to determine your gains or losses.
  • Summarize Totals: Aggregate your gains and losses from individual transactions to complete the summary sections of the tax forms.
  • Report on Tax Return: Enter summarized totals on your IRS Form 1040 or relevant tax return form in the specified sections.
  • File Electronically/Submit: File your tax return electronically or submit the forms to the IRS by the due date to fulfill your tax obligations.
  • Retain Records: Keep detailed records of your crypto transactions and tax filings for at least three to seven years for potential future reference or audits.


When dealing with crypto taxes, you’ll handle forms like the 8949, Schedule D, 1040, and 1099. The 1099 records your income from various sources, while the 8949 and Schedule D is for reporting your capital gains and losses. Make sure you accurately summarize your totals and report it on your tax return—Form 1040. File your taxes on time and stay informed about any updates in tax regulations to ensure compliance and avoid penalties.

This post is to be used for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal, business, or tax advice. Each person should consult his or her own attorney, business advisor, or tax advisor with respect to matters referenced in this post. . For comprehensive tax, legal or financial advice, always contact a qualified professional in your area. S’witty Kiwi assumes no liability for actions taken in reliance upon the information contained herein.

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